Did Vatican II invent Baptism of desire?

“I said that regeneration is necessary for all.  But it is important to observe that if a man is heartily sorry for his sins, if he loves God with his whole heart, if he desires to comply with all the Divine ordinances, including Baptism, but has no opportunity of receiving it, or is not sufficiently instructed as to its necessity, God, in this case, accepts the will for the deed.  Should this man die in these dispositions, he is saved by the baptism of desire, as happened to the Emperor Valentinian who died a Catechumen [one preparing for Baptism]: ‘I lost him whom I was about to regenerate,’ says Ambrose [337-397 AD], ‘but he did not lose that grace he sought for.’  Or, if an unbaptized person lays down his life for Christ, his death is accepted as more than an equivalent baptism; for he dies not only sanctified, but he will wear a martyr’s crown.  He is baptized in his own blood.” (James Cardinal Gibbons, Faith of Our Fathers, First Printing: 1876, Quotation from 1917 printing, 223)


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